Alcohol and Hair Transplants: A Dangerous Mix
You must stop drinking alcohol at least five days before undergoing a hair transplant and avoid it for at least 30 days after the surgery. Alcohol significantly weakens the effectiveness of anaesthesia and raises the risk of bleeding. It also disrupts the healing process and negatively affects the regrowth of hair grafts. This article will explore the reasons why alcohol can jeopardise the success of a hair transplant.
Why Abstaining from Alcohol is Crucial Before a Hair Transplant
Reduced Effectiveness of Local Anesthesia
Drinking alcohol in the days leading up to a hair transplant significantly lessens the effectiveness of local anaesthesia. Alcohol, especially its ethanol component, thins the blood, disrupting the normal blood flow to the scalp. This affects the proper distribution of the anaesthetic. A study indicates that alcohol can decrease the effectiveness of anaesthesia in cranial tissues by as much as 35%, potentially leading to increased discomfort during the procedure.
Increased Risks of Infection and Hemorrhage
Alcohol use before surgery increases the risk of bleeding. In a hair transplant procedure, excessive bleeding complicates the process and can introduce bacteria into the scalp, heightening the likelihood of postoperative infections. Research demonstrates that alcohol consumption can double the risk of nosocomial infections after surgery.
Rise in Blood Pressure
Alcohol raises blood pressure, as shown in various studies. Stable blood pressure is vital for the accuracy of surgical procedures. Elevated blood pressure during a hair transplant can hinder the surgeon’s precision, particularly in the intricate task of implanting hair grafts, and may lead to more bleeding.
Longer Recovery Time
Alcohol before a hair transplant can extend the recovery period. It promotes inflammation, increases the likelihood of swelling and tissue dehydration, and can exacerbate postoperative pain. Avoiding alcohol helps mitigate these risks and fosters a smoother, more comfortable recovery.
Why You Shouldn’t Drink Alcohol After a Hair Transplant
Impaired Healing and Reduced Vascularization
Alcohol consumption after hair transplantation hampers collagen synthesis by fibroblasts. This delay affects the healing of micro-incisions where grafts are placed, leading to prolonged bleeding. Such conditions are detrimental to forming new blood vessels essential for the grafts. Without proper blood supply, grafts suffer from a lack of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in up to 50% of grafts dying in the days following the operation.
Reduced Self-Control and Risky Behavior
Drinking alcohol diminishes self-control, increasing the likelihood of accidental injuries such as hitting your head or scratching your scalp. These actions can damage the new grafts.
High Risk of Inflammation and Bacterial Infections
Alcohol increases perspiration and dries out tissues, creating ideal conditions for microbial growth. This environment can soften protective scabs on the wounds, making them tear more easily. Surrounding bacteria can then infect the grafted follicles, causing redness, swelling, and eczema. A recent study shows that alcohol consumption triples the risk of skin infection.
Increased Hair Loss
A study involving 49 patients showed that alcohol consumption in the month following a transplant doubles the rate of hair loss. These traumas can also harm the transplanted hair follicles, preventing their proper implantation. Therefore, it’s essential to avoid alcohol for 30 days after the operation. After this period, alcohol can be reintroduced very gradually, at a rate of no more than two drinks a week from the second month onwards. Normal consumption may be resumed three months post-operation.
Dr. Emrah Cinik’s Comprehensive Post-Operative Care
Dr. Emrah Cinik offers dedicated support to his patients for up to a year following their hair transplant in Turkey. During initial consultations, he goes beyond explaining the surgical procedure. He equips patients with comprehensive information crucial for the transplant’s success in the ensuing months. Dr. Cinik provides verbal guidance and informative leaflets to prepare them optimally for the post-operative phase. These resources detail the necessary steps patients should take to achieve the best possible outcomes.